The upfront line:  Dr. Toby Groves a researcher, speaker, and writer on critical thinking and expert judgment with a Ph.D. in psychology.   He performs live experiments with professional audiences to reveal the invisible influences that drive their decision-making, leading to levels of self-awareness that boost critical thinking power and reasoning effectiveness.  In the past, he was an executive in the financial industry and CPA and now speak frequently and write for the blog Metathinking and for professional and academic journals.

The bottom line:  The most important things I’ve learned haven’t been from academic pursuits.  They've come from unexpected sources, real-life events, and openness to exploring perspectives very different from my own.  My research journey began with self-examination, finding more valuable education in my failures than from my achievements.  Much of my research is based on profound insights into human reasoning from my son who was both gifted and neurodiverse.   He traveled with me to many of my events until a lost him to suicide in 2014, and my work continues to be inspired by his views on neural adaptivity and growth mindset.  

Loyola Marymount University



Credit Suisse Manhattan

American Institute of CPAs

Prudential Financial

Time Warner, New York City

Federal Reserve Bank, San Francisco

Federal Reserve Bank, Minneapolis

Federal Reserve Bank Cleveland

Baker & McKenzie LLP

Louisiana State University

University of Colorado

University of Rochester

University of Texas, Dallas - Fraud Summit

Salisbury University

Institute of Internal Auditors

More than 100 events


Information Systems Audit and Control Association

Association of Certified Fraud Examiners

Dallas, Central Ohio, Chattanooga

Office of the Auditor General

State of Michigan

AGA-Association of Government Accountants

California Department of Motor Vehicles

Dynamic Aviation

SAI Global

All Star Conference-Caesars Palace (IIA)

Teammate User Forum - Wolters Kluwer

GRC Summit New York City


American Title

Old Republic Title

Ohio Society of CPAs

Minnesota Society of CPAs

Maryland Society of CPAs

Illinois Society of CPAs

North Carolina Society of CPAs

Missouri Society of CPAs

Tennessee Society of CPAs

Iowa Society of CPAs

Virginia Society of CPAs

Massachusetts Society of CPAs

Connecticut Society of CPAs

Cardinal Health

Media Financial Management Association

International Factoring Association



Metathinking with Dr. Toby Groves is about achieving a deeper self-awareness of our thinking processes, challenging our assumptions and considering new and different perspectives.  It's about those a-ha moments that even though the underlying facts may not have changed, they take on a much different meaning.

So very remarkable


…his discussion is not only important to auditing and governance but every industry


Incredibly fascinating

Ohio Society of CPAs

…mind boggling, and not just to the casual observer

UT Dallas, Naveen Jindal School of Management